TMJ Disorders

TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorders are a family of problems related to your complex jaw joint. If you have had symptoms like pain or a “clicking” sound, you’ll be glad to know that these problems are more easily diagnosed and treated than they were in the past. These symptoms occur when the joints of the jaw and the chewing muscles (muscles of mastication) do not work together correctly. TMJ stands for temporomandibular joint, which is the name for each joint (right and left) that connects your jaw to your skull. Since some types of TMJ problems can lead to more serious conditions, early detection and treatment are important.

No one treatment can resolve TMJ disorders completely and treatment takes time to become effective. Dr. Weierbach or Dr. Genetti can help you have a healthier and more comfortable jaw.

Trouble With Your Jaw?

TMJ disorders develop for many reasons. You might clench or grind your teeth, tightening your jaw muscles and stressing your TM joint. You may have a damaged jaw joint due to injury or disease. Injuries and arthritis can damage the joint directly or stretch or tear the muscle ligaments. As a result, the disk, which is made of cartilage and functions as the cushion of the jaw joint, can slip out of position. Whatever the cause, the results may include a misaligned bite, pain, clicking, or grating noise when you open your mouth or trouble opening your mouth wide.

Do You Have a TMJ Disorder?

  • Are you aware of grinding or clenching your teeth?
  • Do you wake up with sore, stiff muscles around your jaws?
  • Do you have frequent headaches or neck aches?
  • Does the pain get worse when you clench your teeth?
  • Does stress make your clenching and pain worse?
  • Does your jaw click, pop, grate, catch, or lock when you open your mouth?
  • Is it difficult or painful to open your mouth, eat, or yawn?
  • Have you ever injured your neck, head, or jaws?
  • Have you had problems (such as arthritis) with other joints?
  • Do you have teeth that no longer touch when you bite?
  • Do your teeth meet differently from time to time?
  • Is it hard to use your front teeth to bite or tear food?
  • Are your teeth sensitive, loose, broken or worn?

The more times you answered “yes”, the more likely it is that you have a TMJ disorder. Understanding TMJ disorders will also help you understand how they are treated.

Treatment

There are various treatment options that Drs. Weierbach or Genetti can utilize to improve the harmony and function of your jaw. Once an evaluation confirms a diagnosis of TMJ disorder, Drs. Weierbach or Genetti will determine the proper course of treatment. It is important to note that treatment always works best with a team approach of self-care joined with professional care.

The initial goals are to relieve the muscle spasm and joint pain. This is usually accomplished with a pain reliever, anti-inflammatory, or muscle relaxant. Steroids can be injected directly into the joints to reduce pain and inflammation. Self-care treatments can often be effective as well and include:

  • Resting your jaw
  • Keeping your teeth apart when you are not swallowing or eating
  • Eating soft foods
  • Applying ice and heat
  • Exercising your jaw
  • Practicing good posture

Stress management techniques such as biofeedback or physical therapy may also be recommended, as well as a temporary, clear plastic appliance known as a splint. A splint fits over your top or bottom teeth and helps keep your teeth apart, thereby relaxing the muscles and reducing pain. There are different types of appliances used for different purposes. A nightguard helps you stop clenching or grinding your teeth and reduces muscle tension at night and helps to protect the cartilage and joint surfaces. An anterior positioning appliance moves your jaw forward, relieves pressure on parts of your jaw and aids in disk repositioning. An orthotic stabilization appliance is worn 8-10 hours/day or just at night to move your jaw into proper position. Appliances also help to protect from tooth wear.

What About Bite Correction or Surgery?

If your TMJ disorder has caused problems with how your teeth fit together, you may need treatment such as bite adjustment (equilibration), orthodontics with or without jaw reconstruction, or restorative dental work. Surgical options such as arthroscopy and open joint repair restructuring are sometimes needed, but are reserved for severe cases. Drs. Weierbach or Genetti does not consider TMJ surgery unless the jaw can’t open, is dislocated and nonreducible, has severe degeneration, or the patient has undergone appliance treatment unsuccessfully.

Weierbach Prosthodontics

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I first went to see Dr. Weierbach for a dental implant I had done by another dentist. I was not pleased with the way it looked. Dr. Weierbach fixed it for me and now it looks great. I can smile without feeling self conscious. I also, had some teeth crowned and a root canal. It was the easiest root canal I ever had done ( I have had several). Dr. weierbach is very particular and wants the job done right. The staff is very pleasant and very friendly. If there are any doubts about trying Dr. Weierbach, let me assure you, he is the very best!

- Margie R

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Highly recommended! I've had extensive dental work, from cleanings to implants and crowns, and never have I had bad service. From Dr Weierbach himself to all of the staff everyone is very caring and accommodating, wouldn't go anywhere else for dental work!

- Chad B

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I have a lot of anxiety when having to get any dental procedure done..Dr. weierbach and his staff are over the top with making me feel comfortable and calming my nerves from the time I walk thru their doors! I've never had a bad experience and would highly recommend them to anyone! Having 100% confidence in your dentist is half the battle...I have 110% and more confidence in Dr. Weierbach!

- Kelly J

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Staff were incredible. For months I had been trying to find someone who would give me s gold crown where a tooth had chipped as a child. Most places told me over the phone it was an unusual request. The staff here were happy to help me. I usually had Amanda help for the procedure and she was fantastic. Thanks to everyone who helped

- Jon L

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Great dentist. Very accomplished. I have had crowns done in the past. Beautiful results. Beautiful office. Great staff. 5 thumbs up.

- Susan S

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After moving to Lancaster in March of this year (2016) I required a dentist to service my denture and implants. The first dentist contacted sold me insurance but wouldn't service my denture. After two months of being 'put off'' I contacted a second dentist who botched the procedure and left me in discomfort. A third dentist was very helpful and when she could not adequately resolve my issue, referred me to Dr. Weierbach. He saw me that same day, discussed the issues with me, and scheduled an appointment to resolve them. Am thankful that all was resolved quickly and efficiently by a caring and professional staff.

- Kenneth B

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Excellent service from Dr. Weierbach and his staff. Extremely professional, courteous, and customer focused. Would highly recommend this office!!

- Meg G

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After repeatedly breaking a front tooth over last couple decades, the tooth finally broke at the gum line requiring drastic repair. Dr Weierbach was one of a few who were recommended for consultation. Despite already setting up a treatment plan elsewhere, I chose Dr. Weierbach who recommended a different approach which did not require removing ALL my front teeth but did require extensive work to open up a very tight bite. This also was more costly but ultimately should not risk damaging any new dental work since with a more open bite, my teeth would not be impacting each other. After numerous visits required to open my bite, and the removal of only the one broken tooth, I walked out with a new smile and much better appearance. I also opted to whiten my remaining natural teeth with the Zoom procedure which did not cause any pain, "zingers" or any discomfort other than the inablity to eat all my usual dark foods for 3 days. I would highly recommend Dr. Weierbach and his staff.

- Harry K

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Dr. Weierbach and his exceptional staff are awesome. You notice the difference from the initial phone call. His assistants are highly qualified and Nina the dental hygienist shows enthusiasm , knowledge , and love of her career. Dr. Weierbach is a gifted doctor who blends his understanding of science with the eye of an artist. It speaks volumes that many of his team members have been with the practice for years. Susan, his Practice Administrators has been with the practice since the very beginning 27 years ago. No matter what your dental needs are, the perfect place to receive care is Weierbach Prosthodontics.

- Stott L

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I came to Dr.weirbach when I was about 20 I had dental implants that I've had done at 17 due to an accident somewhere else I ended up get infections almost all the time, food was pilling up in them an I had no way of getting into clean them also every time I would bite down an they would constantly crack or break my smile was lost I swore I'll never smile or josh my mouth then my mother searched online an we found Weirbachs office so I came in for consult an automatically he knew they needed to be redone.Thanks to Dr.Weirbach I a brand new beautiful smile there's white as ever,I've had them for almost 5 years now an I've never had an infection or any issues I come once a year for a check up an there still awesome I'm finally complete.

- Jesenia M

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